Wednesday, February 10, 2016

WIP: Liger Zero Schneider

If you don't currently follow me on Google+ consider checking it out and subscribing. Google+ is where a lot of my minor and off topic content ends up. Below are a collection of posts from Google+ assembled to show the WIP for the Liger Zero!

I started this WIP off with a video. I wanted to show off some of the successes and frustrations of the kit in it's early stages.

That same night I showed off the first big bundle of primed parts. Like always I'm using Mr. Surfacer 1200. In this photo the small bundle at the bottom were the parts that came out correctly molded. The larger pile required additional sanding to clean up edges and flashing.

Friday, January 15, 2016

Tutorial: Taking Better Photos

A lot of photos I see taken by beginners and intermediate builders look like the photo above. They're usually taken on a messy desk, or a bed and their either they are too blurry, out of focus, too dark or the colors are blown out. Here are few very simple and very cheap ways of taking better looking photos of your Gunpla.

Hit the bump for the full tutorial

Tutorial: Basic Posing

I see a lot of newer builders post photos of their kits in poses similar to the one above. Typically their models feet are really close together and the body is pointed in a couple of different directions; the kits certainly don't look as cool or dynamic as the mobile suit they're supposed to represent.

In many cases a well posed unpainted or unlined model can look better than a well painted and finished model if it's poorly posed. In this quick guide I'm going to provide you with some easy to follow tips to get the most out of your models.

Hit the bump for the full tutorial

Tuesday, January 12, 2016

Tutorial: Grades


There are many different "grades" of a Gundam models that Bandai has produced over the years. Some series like High Grade have been around for a long time and include a lot of kits, while others are small collections. In this section we'll cover the basics of each grade.

SD or Super Deformed; is characterized by exaggerated proportions and a cutesy appearance. Many models in the SD line tend to rely on stickers for color separation; this makes them a great choice when learning to mask and paint. In general these models tend to be low cost but also have a low part count.

Arguably the High Grade line of kits is the largest and most varied line of models. Although there are HG 1/100 scale kits, HG is typically used to refer to the line of 1/144 scale kits. HG kits usually have good color separation, but can rely on stickers for some colors. The HG line strikes a good balance between low cost, details and fun playable gimmicks. 

Real Grade is a line of detailed 1/144 scale kits. Many builders characterize these kits as having PG detail in a HG size. This range of models includes an inner frame called the "Advanced MS Joint". The small parts that are common in these kits can make them difficult for beginners; however, they can also look great out of the box with only basic panel lining and topcoat.

Master Grade is a line of detailed 1/100 scale models. Most MG models include at least a partial inner frame. In general the MG line tends to feature more, gimmicks, and details and parts than their HG counter parts. The variety of MG kits is less expansive than the HG line, and the price point and part count are higher. In general the MG line of kits have better color separation and limited reliance on stickers; making them a great choice for builders that can't or don't want to paint.

Perfect Grade is a line of 1/60 scale model kits. This line is a more limited line than the others with releases normally occurring a few years apart. The size and cost of these models can make them prohibitive for many modelers, but those that do decide to indulge in one of these models will be surprised by their size, detail and gimmicks.

The Hardgraph line of kits is a mix of 1/44 and 1/35 kits. This is a tough line to pin down. The early kits in this line included Mobile suits, small vehicles and extra weapons; but all of the later kits are 1/35 vehicles and mobile suit parts. These models are often highly detailed, include water slide decals, and sometimes require glue to assemble.  

The EX series is a line of mostly ships, add-ons or ground crafts ranging in scale from 1/100 to 1/1700. There haven't been any additions to this line in a long while and reprints of these kits seem to be fairly infrequent. The large carrier type ships like the Whitebase, Albion, Arch Angel, Etc are produced in the 1/1700 scale making a finished ship about 5 inches (12.5 cm) long. Unlike most other lines many of these models require glue to assemble. The small scale, low availability and higher prices for these kits make them a poor choice for beginners.

The Megasize models are a line of gigantic 1/48 models. The quality of these models is roughly in line with High Grade models. Unlike most HG models, the Mega Size are huge, and tower over PG kits. Each model includes a set of water slide decals and a mini Hobby Japan magazine featuring basic tips on how to improve the appearance of the kit. These models are typically around $100, making them an attractive option if you want a centerpiece or conversation starter for your collection.  

The Reborn-One Hundred is a newer line of  1/100 scale model kits. The detail and quality of these kits puts them somewhere between HG and MG. These models lack an inner frame, but tend to have a lot of surface detail like panel lines. Unofficially the models in this line fall into the category of popular, but not popular or practical enough to be a MG release.   

Advanced Grade / First Grade / Speed Grade / 1/220 / Miscellaneous 

Often forgotten about these grades exhibit varying quality; in most cases the cost of these models is very low, but so is the over quality and value. In general these models are skippable and should probably only be considered for younger modelers, or modelers looking for some obscure design.

"No Grade"

No Grade is a grade in the same way that "off" is a TV channel. No Grade is a fan name used to describe kits that don't fit into the normal grading system. These kits may still follow a scale like 1/220, 1/144, 1/100 or 1/60; but are otherwise their own line. This "line" is very much a mixed bag and the quality of the line varies considerably. 

Tutorial: Glossary

Modeling has it's own lingo, abbreviations and sayings. If you're new to the hobby you may not understand some things more experienced modelers are saying. This glossary should help you decode a bit of our language. 

Acrylic: Typically used to describe water based paint (please note that acrylic can also be solvent based).

AB/Airbrush: A painting tool used by some modelers, consisting of a compressor, hose and airbrush. Airbrushes provide a high degree of control, smooth finish and artistic flexibility. 

Bandai: The producer of Gunpla.

Bluefin: The US distributor for Gunpla.

Bootleg: An unofficial Gundam kit produced by a 3rd party company.

Builder Parts: A series of parts created and sold by Bandai to add onto Gunpla models. These parts can include weapons, figures, thrusters or other items.

Dalong/ A helpful website full of model and manual photographs. This website is a valuable tool when choosing or studying model designs.

Decals: Markings included with some kits or purchasable separately. Decals can refer to a variety of items including stickers, foil decals or water slide decals all of which can be included with a Gundam Model.

Dengeki Hobby: A hobby magazine from Japan.

Commander's Horn: A singular horn frequently appearing on some mobile suit designs to designate a commander's unit. Sometimes the horn is also refereed to as a Commander's Antenna.

Diorama: A three dimensional model typically depicting a scene, background or environment.

Enamel: A type of oil based paint.

Earth Federation/Feddies: The global earth government first appearing in Mobile Suit Gundam.

Filter: A technique used as a part of the weathering process. Typically involving a very thin color applied over the entire model to reduce the contrast between colors. 

Garage Kit: This is an older term that was used to describe amateur produced models (typically produced in small batches in somebody's garage). Sometimes this term is used to refer to 3rd party resin kits. See also Resin.

GBWC/Gundam Builders World Cup: An annual competition hosted by Bandai that occurs in certain countries to identify the best gunpla builders in the world.

GFT/Gundam Front Tokyo: A Museum, theater and shop in Diver City Japan where the life size RX 78-2 Gundam currently resides.

Gunpla: The word "Gunpla" is a portmanteau of the words "Gundam" and "Plastic Model".

Grades: Refers to the different series of models.

Greeblies: Fine details on the surfaces of models, typical simple geometric shapes.

Gundam: The titular mecha featured in most the Gundam series. In some but not all appearances, the Gundam suit tends to be highly advanced and features revolutionary technology in comparison to other mobile suits.

Hobby Japan: A hobby magazine from Japan.

Kamille: A girl's name.

Kit Bash: The combination of parts from two or more kits to create a new design.

Lacquer: A type of solvent based paint.

Masking: a process of covering something with tape or other material. Typically used when painting to create designs.
Mecha: Is a Sci-Fi genre centering around robots piloted by people. The Gundam series of Anime and Manga is part of the mecha genre.

Mobile Suit: A humanoid combat weapon. 

Monoeye: Typically used to refer to Zeon Mobile suits from Mobile Suit Gundam.

Mr.Color: A line of paints popular among modelers.

Mr.Hobby: A popular manufacturer of tools and paints for modelers.

MS: The abbreviation for Mobile Suit

Nippers/Side Cutters: A common tool for most modelers. There are many manufacturers that produce quality nippers, including but not limited to: Tamiya, Xuron and GodHand.

Nubs: The remnants of where the sprue connected to the model parts.

Out of Box/OOB: Refers to a kit assembled out of the box without paint or to a kit built out of box using the stock color scheme. See also Straight Build.

P-Bandai: Refers to a line of limited products produced by Bandai. These models tend to be more expensive and harder to acquire than normally released kits. Most models in this line are produced for a short period of time; however, re-releases are not unheard of.

Panel Line: Thin recesses molded into many kits. Typically panel lines are used to add detail and are supposed to signify where armor panels meet.  

Plamo: Like Gunpla "Plamo" is a portmanteau of the words "Plastic" and "Model". Plamo is a more general term for plastic modeling, gunpla is a subsection of plamo.

Pla-Plate: This refers to plastic plate, a modeling material that can be used to scratch build or modify Gunpla.

Primer: A preparatory material applied to a model before paint is applied. Typically primer is used to protect the plastic of the kit from more volatile solvents, improve paint adherence, hide scratches and fill in low spots

Putty: A soft material that cures hard, typically used to fill gaps and for modification.There are many varsities of putties ranging from putties with a paint like consistency, gels, and kneedable dough like materials. 

Resin: Polyurethane resin. Sometimes used to describe 3rd party kits. See also Garage Kit.

Respirator: A safety component of the painting process worn over the nose and mouth to prevent the inhalation of potentially harmful vapors or materials. 

RX 78-2/"Grand Daddy Gundam": The Gundam that appeared in original Mobile Suit Gundam 

Scale: Refers to the size of a model. typically written as "1/144, 1/100, etc". This means that 1 inch, centimeter, etc in model scale correlates to 100/144/etc inches, centimeters, etc. A Master Grade (1/100) model of the RX 78-2 stands about 18 centimeters tall because the RX 78-2 Gundam stands about 18 meters in height.

Scratch Building: Refers to building models or components from scratch. This is typically accomplished using pla-plate and putty.

Scribing: The process of carving panel lines into the plastic of a kit. Typically accomplished using a scribing tool or chisel. 

Spray booth: A safety component of the painting process that pulls vapors and particulates into a series of filters using a fan. 

Sprue: The plastic "tree" that all the model parts come attached to.

Spudger: A nylon tool used to pry pieces apart or to push decals around.

Straight Build: Refers to a kit assembled out of the box without paint or to a kit built out of box using the stock color scheme. See also Out of Box Build.

Tamiya: A popular manufacturer of tools and paints.

Thinner: A solvent used to thin certain types of paint. Typically increasing drying time and leaving a smoother surface.

Thruster:  Typically in the shape of a bell, these are used for adjustments in attitude or velocity of space craft or mobile suits. See also Vernier.

Topcoat: Refers to the top most layer of paint, this layer is almost always clear and can have several finishes such as: matte, satin or gloss. Topcoat is used to seal the lower layers and add protection.

UC: The abbreviation for Universal Century the setting of Mobile Suit Gundam.

V Fin: The V shaped horn prevalent on many Gundam type mobile suits.

Ver. Ka/ Katoki: Refers to designs created by Katoki Hajime a mecha designer. His designs have been featured in many series both inside and outside of the Gundam franchise and frequently feature many markings/decals.

Vernier:  Typically in the shape of a bell, these are used for adjustments in attitude or velocity of space craft or mobile suits. See also Thrusters.

Weathering: A series of techniques used to simulate the deterioration of materials due to the impact of environmental effects over time. 

Wash: A very thin layer of paint used to enhance the appearance of surface details and add depth. 

WIP: The abbreviation for work in progress aka. an incomplete kit. 

Zeon/The Principality of Zeon: A nation of Spacenoids first appearing in Mobile Suit Gundam

Sunday, December 27, 2015

1/35 Black Tri-Stars Zaku II Head


Welcome to my final completed kit for 2015! I somehow completed 18 kits this year, and I pulled it off despite having some really large commissions like the PG Wing Zero and projects like the Metal Gear Ray.

This is one of the last p-Bandai kits still had hanging out on my shelf. This kit doesn't suffer too badly from the p-Bandai tax us westerners get stuck with. The standard kit this model its based on the 1/35 Ramba Ral Commando set, and it typically runs around $40. I've seen a few examples of this version selling for $45-50. The p-Bandai version does omit the 1/35 figures and motorcycle, but it's not much of a loss in my opinion. If you can find this kit I'd recommend picking it up; it's the only version that will allow you to create almost any ace's Zaku II. 

If you like my work and you want to help support me, then consider purchasing from the Amazon links on my blog or by clicking this link. Every purchase you make helps me out tremendously and it doesn't cost you a dime!

Wednesday, December 23, 2015

New Years Resolution: 2016 is the year I end my backlog

"The things you own end up owning you." -Chuck Palahniuk

When I got back into Gunpla in late 2011 I was in a very different place in my life. I had a full time job, and I was working on my masters degree. Most of the money I did make was used to pay for my education or just my cost of living. At the time I found it unbelievable that some builders had closets full of backlogged kits. While I was barely able to scrape the money together to purchase one MG kit or some paint every month or so.

Fast forward almost 5 years and I'm much better off; but, I've found myself falling into the backlog trap. This is the year I've decided to break that habit. 

Beginning January 1st, until my backlog is gone I won't be doing any of the following:

Purchasing kits
Accepting commission work
Purchasing decals for kits I don't already own (decals are my gateway drug)
Pre-ordering P-Bandai releases

Here's my current backlog

In order from oldest to newest purchase date: 

MG Nu ver. ka 12/2012 (built)
MG Sazabi ver. Ka 12/2013
MG Exia R2 2/2014 (built)
Metal Gear Rex black version 9/2014
35th Anniversary Char Zaku Head 1/2015
Star Wars Y Wing 9/2015 (built)
Star Wars Snow Speeder 9/2015 (built)
Star Wars X Wing 9/2015 (built)

Optional: (I haven't decided if I'm keeping or selling these kits yet)

PG Astray Red Frame 10/2015
PG 00 Raiser 6/2014 and again on 12/2015 (long story)

I'm not limiting myself to building this kits in a certain order.

Once I've cleared out my backlog my hope is that I can be a little more spontaneous and current with the kits I'm purchasing and building. There were a lot of new releases in 2015 that I really wanted to build, but just couldn't justify picking up because of the kits already sitting on my shelf.

Sunday, December 13, 2015

HG G-Self Perfect Pack


This is the first kit in a long, long time that I really haven't enjoyed. Overall the design, part separation and reliance on foil stickers comes off as being extremely lazy. Despite its small stature this kit has over 53 foil stickers. Even the much larger HG Silver Bullet (another kit I criticized for its reliance on stickers) only had 41 foil stickers. If you're a fan of the Perfect Pack's design and hate masking then hope that Bandai eventually releases a MG version. 

I'm not really familiar with the G-Self Gundam in general as I haven't watched more than two episodes of Reconguista. I did a bit of research on Gundam wiki, and I was surprised to find out that this MS actually changes colors while using different abilities of the Perfect Pack. I can see builders that are super fans of the design building and painting multiple versions of this kit to cover all of the variations.

Sunday, November 15, 2015

1/12 Darth Vader

Kit Talk:

The 1/12 Darth Vader was a quick build to fill the gap between my last commission the MG Ex-S and the next commission the HG G-Self Perfect pack that arrived a few days ago. I had already snap built this kit about a month ago and the painting was completed in a few nights.

Build & Paint info:

This kit had a few seamlines on the feet and gloves that needed to be fused. Many of the other seamlines on the legs and arms fell in the crevasse of the ribbed body suit; I left these as is and some look better than others.

I used the following paints:

Helmet, leg armor and anything else glossy: Alcad II Base Black
Bodysuit: Black with a pinch of blue
Cape. tunic and mantel: Black with a pinch of mohogany
Chest protector: Alcad 2 Steel
Buttons and chest controls: Star Bright Silver & clear red, blue or green over silver

My focus on this paint scheme was to create contrast between the matte leather and the gloss armor. I won't say that this paint scheme is film accurate, but it definitely fits the mental image that I have for Darth Vader.

If you like my work and would like to help me out consider purchasing this and other kits from Amazon using this link or others featured on my site. Every purchase helps me out considerably and it doesn't cost you a dime!

Hit the bump for the full photo shoot!

Saturday, November 7, 2015

MG Ex-s Extraordinary Superior Gundam

Kit Talk:

After almost two months of work the MG Ex-S is now complete! Although the MG Perfect Zeong or The O may still hold the record for the largest MG; the Ex-S isn't a slouch. This models required many seamlines to be fused, lots of masking and a lot of planing.


Due to the size of the kit I decided early on to build it in sections. This turned out to be a great choice as it kept me motivated throughout the build. Partway through the process I noticed that two packs of screws were missing, however I did find a shop online that sold the 2.6 x 8 and 2 x 8 screws needed to secure many of the parts to the kit. Without the screws it's impossible to connect many parts of the kit, and many others would be too unstable.

This model has a reputation for being a brick, and it's well deserved. Even when the auxiliary fuel tanks and rifle are removed this kit still can't stand on it's own. Bandai offsets the instability with the inclusion of a stand. The fuel tanks prevent the arms and shoulders from moving too far in any direction and the legs are limited by the hip mounted beam cannons.    


I went with a RG inspired paint job similar to the paint job on my RG GP01fb. I decided early on that I did no want to push the white and off white colors too far; as it would be too easy to end up with a spotty scheme.

The Ex-S has a large number of sensor surfaces in the heads, knees, chest, hips and backpack. Theses areas were painted using a base coat of superfine silver and a variety of clear coat colors. Most of the sensors around the suit are clear green with a smaller number of clear blue and yellow areas.

Hit the bump for the full post!

2015 Good Guy Competition Winners

After reviewing all of the entries this year the judges have rendered their selections. The judges this year are: Clem from Those Gundam Guys and inventor of Clemstripping, Joe The operator of my favorite hobby shop and me Dan owner of GunplabyGoodGuyDan.

Each of the 3 winners will receive a $30 dollar gift certificate to!

Best in Show:

Big Daddy Z'Gok by Joe K.

Clem's comments:

The amount of mods and the execution of the mods really put this kit above all the other entries.  The Batman/Robin was VERY close, but just loses out because of the mods and execution of seamlessly melding the mods to create a new and original piece. The motorized drill and LEDs really win me over and put this kit above the other kits in the competition.

Joe's comments:

This build is everything this contest was looking for: a great concept, well built, & masterfully painted. The motorized drill takes this piece above and beyond! Great work!

Dan's comments:

This build impressed the hell out of me. The paint, weathering, LEDs and even the fluorescent paint on the health container were all well planned and executed. This entry would be a serious contender or any GBWC event let alone my humble contest. Great job!

Most Creative:

Tactical Candy Despensir by EducationalDriver

Joe's comments:

All of the entries used some sort of humanoid mecha with the one exception: the Tactical Candy Dispenser. A Base Jabber that delivers candy is definitely thinking outside the box, and that's why it has my vote for Most Creative/Original.

Dan's comments:

When this contestant sent in his registration I was very interested to see what he would do with it. I'm glad to see that they came up with a very unique idea, certainly something I would never have been able to come up with on my own.

Funniest Build:

Bear-ren Marine by Gundariumsmith

Joe's comments: 

I thought putting a petit'gguy head on a Hi-Mock was pretty cute. I love the Terran Marine theme, and while Batman and Robin had me smiling, this guy had me smiling more. Go shoot up some Zerg little beargguy

Dan's comments:

The name Bear-ren Marine elicited the same eye rolling response from me normally reserved for "dad jokes". However the name and idea grew on me. It's a good compromise between the cuteness of the Bearguy and the cliche of using the bear guy for gunpla-cosplay, and it's a great homage to Tycus Findlay (although it could use a cigar).

Participation prize:

One contestant that submitted their completed kit was chosen at random to recieve a $10 gift certificate to The winner is Achturn GH-001AC Grimoire "Polyphemus"

Sunday, November 1, 2015

2015 Good Guy Competition Entries

The winners for the 2015 Good Guy Competition will be announce by the end of next week.

Below are the six entries submitted to this year's contest. They're all excellent builds, but who will win?

Click the images below to be taken to the submission's gallery!

"Bear-ren Marine" by Gundariumsmith 

Builders Explanation:

Using a High Grade Build Fighters Hi-Mock, my original idea was to build a "Bear-Mock," a Hi-Mock imitating a Beargguy. After some brainstorming, I refined the idea and decided I wanted a Petit'gguy in costume instead. With the extra long arms of the Hi-Mock, I could only think of the Terran Marine of Blizzard's Starcraft franchise. Thus the "Bear-ren Marine" was born.

The Headless Horseman by CaptainAmeijin

Builders Explanation:

The Headless Horseman! Most of the build is made of the Avalanche Exia, while the Fuunsaikiand the chest come from the HG Master Gundam / Fuunsaiki gunpla. 

Tactical Candy Dispenser by Educationaldriver

Builders Explanation:

I got the idea for the TCD (Tactical Candy Dispenser) by brainstorming what goes on during the night of Halloween. This particular holiday is known for its sweet side, so I incorporated real candy into the build. The color scheme is of the traditional Halloween colors: orange and black. Halloween also has an arachnid motif, so I included cobwebs made out of a single cotton ball (it also looks like mist in some shots, which is really cool). I took these traits and combined it with the idea that people receive candy on Halloween. Thus the TCD was born.

Big Daddy Z'Gok by Joe K. 

Builders Explanation:

Got my idea after watching some Bioshock speedruns. I was surprised no one had done a Big Daddy inspired gunpla before based on a Google Image search and I liked the idea of revamping an inexpensive kit like the 2001 HGUC Z'Gok. Also liked the potential for a motorized drill mod and a weathered look for my first painted kit.

Grimoire Polyphemus by Achturn

Builders Explanation:

The concept was to have a cyclops/slight victorian horror influence with the Grimoire as the base.
The core has been hollowed out and now features a fully rotating "eye cannon" housed inside of it. The Polyphemus also now wields a heat-tomahawk inspired Meat Cleaver (or "Heat Cleaver" if you're into puns) as a melee weapon, with the beam whip that originally came out of the Grimoire's gun now being mounted to its wrist for mid-range attacks.
The backpack has also been removed, limiting the suit to mostly ground combat

Batman the Bearknight and Robin the Bear Wonder Brian T

Builders Explanation:

My idea gained inspiration from a lot of the batman builds that I had seen on various websites, most prominently gundamguy, but I never saw a batman with his trusty sidekick. I felt as though the Beargguy F would be the perfect kit to modify to achieve this, with the inclusion of the Petitbearguy. I used a combination of canned spray paint, hand brushing, and airbrushing to achieve the recolors on both of the kits, some simple use of plaplating to create their weapons, capes, belt, etc, and cutting of seals to finish off some of their details. Finally, I used heat to melt some of the plaplating and shape them into form, such as batman's chest logo, and also to create the effect of the cape. 

Saturday, October 31, 2015

MG Ex-S WIP part 4


The marathon that is the MG Ex-S is quickly coming to an end now that all of the painting is complete! I'll start the detailing and decal process very soon. I don


Wednesday, October 28, 2015

MG Ex-S WIP part 3


Apologies in advance but I don't have any WIP photos for this segment of the kit. The previous post I made should make the answer fairly obvious.

As of writing this phase 4 is well underway and should be don within a week. Once phase 4 is complete the detailing and decaling working will continue. I'm hoping to have this kit completed within the next 2-3 weeks if the weather cooperates for painting.

Meta update: hard driver failures and lost data.

It's official, all: of the photos, videos and design files (2 min reviews) I created over the last few years are unrecoverable after a hard drive failure. I had a lot of help from a friend in IT but ultimately the files we were able to recover were corrupt.

The good news is all of the content on the blog is recoverable and I have already backed it up. From your perspective viewing the blog there shouldn't be any changes whatsoever.  

The bad news is it's going to take a while to recreate some of the design files for the 2 min reviews and I had some stuff I would have liked to share, but won't be able to now.

From now on I have decided to back things up on three separate drives just in case something happens again. This was a hard and bitter pill to swallow, and I sincerely hope it's something I never have to experience again.

Saturday, October 17, 2015

MG Ex-S WIP part 2



Phase two of the MG Ex-S is now complete. In this phase I built both legs, feet and completed the waist and torso. Unlike Phase 1 this phase had fewer parts that required seam lines to be fused or parts to be masked. 

As of this post I am still waiting on replacement screws for the kit. Once I have them I will be able to completely armor the legs. Until then they're left it this partially built state.

The Ex-S has sensors in both of the fins extending up from the knees. I painted these areas with super metallic silver followed by a layer of clear blue.

The torso of this mobile suit is very interesting because the core fighter is almost entirely exposed. This design also prevents the suit from making any meaningful bends at the waist.

Painted parts so far...

Waterslide decals

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